Surgical approaches to early-stage renal cell carcinoma

Kidney cancer. Principles and practice. Second edition. Primo N. Lara, Jr. Eric Jonasch (Editors). Springer International Publishing (2015)

  1. Preoperative evaluation
  2. Competing risks analysis
  3. Objectification of renal tumor anatomy
  4. Assessment and implications of chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  5. Treatment of early-stage RCC: excise
    • Comparison of oncologic outcomes between radical nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy
    • Partial nephrectomy for pT2 renal masses
    • Comparison of open and minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of localized RCC
    • Role of lymph node dissection in low-risk RCC
  6. Treatment of early-stage RCC: ablation
    • Cryoablation versus radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    • Percutaneous versus laparoscopic approach to ablation
  7. Treatment of early-stage RCC: observation
    • Growth rates
    • Progression rates
  8. Follow-up for clinically localized RCC
  9. Approach to the patient with localized RCC
  10. References

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