References

Kidney cancer. Principles and practice. Second edition. Primo N. Lara, Jr. Eric Jonasch (Editors). Springer International Publishing (2015)


  1. DeVita VT, Lawrence TS, Rosenberg SA (2011) Cancer: principles & practice of oncology: primer of the molecular biology of cancer. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia
  2. American Cancer Society (2011) Global cancer facts & figures, 2nd edn. American Cancer Society, Atlanta
  3. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F (2013) GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, International Agency for Research on Cancer. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr. Accessed on 21 Sept 2014
  4. Siegel R, Ma J, Zou Z et al (2014) Cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin 64:9–29
  5. American Cancer Society (2014) Cancer facts & figures 2014. American Cancer Society, Atlanta
  6. SEER cancer statistics factsheets: Kidney and renal pelvis cancer. National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/kidrp.html
  7. Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F et al (2010) Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer 127:2893–2917
  8. Aron M, Nguyen MM, Stein RJ et al (2008) Impact of gender in renal cell carcinoma: an analysis of the SEER database. Eur Urol 54:133–140
  9. Stafford HS, Saltzstein SL, Shimasaki S et al (2008) Racial/ethnic and gender disparities in renal cell carcinoma incidence and survival. J Urol 179:1704–1708
  10. Vaishampayan UN, Do H, Hussain M et al (2003) Racial disparity in incidence patterns and outcome of kidney cancer. Urology 62:1012–1017
  11. Berndt SI, Carter HB, Schoenberg MP et al (2007) Disparities in treatment and outcome for renal cell cancer among older black and white patients. J Clin Oncol 25:3589–3595
  12. Sankin A, Cohen J, Wang H et al (2011) Rate of renal cell carcinoma subtypes in different races. Int Braz J Urol 37:29–34
  13. Chiu BC, Lynch CF, Cerhan JR et al (2001) Cigarette smoking and risk of bladder, pancreas, kidney, and colorectal cancers in Iowa. Ann Epidemiol 11:28–37
  14. McLaughlin JK, Lindblad P, Mellemgaard A et al (1995) International renal-cell cancer study. I. Tobacco use. Int J Cancer 60:194–198
  15. Yuan JM, Castelao JE, Gago-Dominguez M et al (1998) Tobacco use in relation to renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 7:429–433
  16. Chow WH, Gridley G, Fraumeni JF Jr et al (2000) Obesity, hypertension, and the risk of kidney cancer in men. N Engl J Med 343:1305–1311
  17. Coughlin SS, Neaton JD, Randall B et al (1997) Predictors of mortality from kidney cancer in 332,547 men screened for the multiple risk factor intervention trial. Cancer 79:2171–2177
  18. Heath CW Jr, Lally CA, Calle EE et al (1997) Hypertension, diuretics, and antihypertensive medications as possible risk factors for renal cell cancer. Am J Epidemiol 145:607–613
  19. McLaughlin JK, Hrubec Z, Heineman EF et al (1990) Renal cancer and cigarette smoking in a 26-year follow-up of U.S. veterans. Public Health Rep 105:535–537
  20. McCredie M, Stewart JH (1992) Risk factors for kidney cancer in New South Wales, Australia. II. Urologic disease, hypertension, obesity, and hormonal factors. Cancer Causes Control 3:323–331
  21. IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans (2004) Some drinking-water disinfectants and contaminants, including arsenic. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum 84:1–477
  22. Hunt JD, van der Hel OL, McMillan GP et al (2005) Renal cell carcinoma in relation to cigarette smoking: meta-analysis of 24 studies. Int J Cancer 114:101–108
  23. Clague J, Shao L, Lin J et al (2009) Sensitivity to NNKOAc is associated with renal cancer risk. Carcinogenesis 30:706–710
  24. Gnarra JR (1998) Von Hippel-Lindau gene mutations in human and rodent renal tumors – association with clear cell phenotype. J Natl Cancer Inst 90:1685–1687
  25. Shiao YH, Rice JM, Anderson LM et al (1998) Von Hippel-Lindau gene mutations in N-nitrosodimethylamine-induced rat renal epithelial tumors. J Natl Cancer Inst 90:1720–1723
  26. Zhu Y, Horikawa Y, Yang H et al (2008) BPDE induced lymphocytic chromosome 3p deletions may predict renal cell carcinoma risk. J Urol 179:2416–2421
  27. Semenza JC, Ziogas A, Largent J et al (2001) Geneenvironment interactions in renal cell carcinoma. Am J Epidemiol 153:851–859
  28. Sharifi N, Farrar WL (2006) Perturbations in hypoxia detection: a shared link between hereditary and sporadic tumor formation? Med Hypotheses 66:732–735
  29. Bergstrom A, Hsieh CC, Lindblad P et al (2001) Obesity and renal cell cancer – a quantitative review. Br J Cancer 85:984–990
  30. Bergstrom A, Pisani P, Tenet V et al (2001) Overweight as an avoidable cause of cancer in Europe. Int J Cancer 91:421–430
  31. Calle EE, Kaaks R (2004) Overweight, obesity and cancer: epidemiological evidence and proposed mechanisms. Nat Rev Cancer 4:579–591
  32. Pan SY, Johnson KC, Ugnat AM et al (2004) Association of obesity and cancer risk in Canada. Am J Epidemiol 159:259–268
  33. Pischon T, Nothlings U, Boeing H (2008) Obesity and cancer. Proc Nutr Soc 67:128–145
  34. Renehan AG, Tyson M, Egger M et al (2008) Bodymass index and incidence of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Lancet 371:569–578
  35. Frystyk J, Vestbo E, Skjaerbaek C et al (1995) Free insulin-like growth factors in human obesity. Metabolism 44:37–44
  36. Kellerer M, von Eye Corleta H, Muhlhofer A et al (1995) Insulinand insulin-like growth-factor-I receptor tyrosine-kinase activities in human renal carcinoma. Int J Cancer 62:501–507
  37. Yu H, Rohan T (2000) Role of the insulin-like growth factor family in cancer development and progression. J Natl Cancer Inst 92:1472–1489
  38. Gago-Dominguez M, Castelao JE, Yuan JM et al (2002) Lipid peroxidation: a novel and unifying concept of the etiology of renal cell carcinoma (United States). Cancer Causes Control 13:287–293
  39. Moyad MA (2001) Obesity, interrelated mechanisms, and exposures and kidney cancer. Semin Urol Oncol 19:270–279
  40. Pan SY, DesMeules M, Morrison H et al (2006) Obesity, high energy intake, lack of physical activity, and the risk of kidney cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2453–2460
  41. Maitland ML, Kasza KE, Karrison T et al (2009) Ambulatory monitoring detects sorafenib-induced blood pressure elevations on the first day of treatment. Clin Cancer Res 15:6250–6257
  42. Steffens J, Bock R, Braedel HU et al (1992) Reninproducing renal cell carcinomas – clinical and experimental investigations on a special form of renal hypertension. Urol Res 20:111–115
  43. Flaherty KT, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA et al (2005) A prospective study of body mass index, hypertension, and smoking and the risk of renal cell carcinoma (United States). Cancer Causes Control 16:1099–1106
  44. Nicodemus KK, Sweeney C, Folsom AR (2004) Evaluation of dietary, medical and lifestyle risk factors for incident kidney cancer in postmenopausal women. Int J Cancer 108:115–121
  45. Setiawan VW, Pike MC, Kolonel LN et al (2007) Racial/ethnic differences in endometrial cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 165:262–270
  46. Choi MY, Jee SH, Sull JW et al (2005) The effect of hypertension on the risk for kidney cancer in Korean men. Kidney Int 67:647–652
  47. Vatten LJ, Trichopoulos D, Holmen J et al (2007) Blood pressure and renal cancer risk: the HUNT study in Norway. Br J Cancer 97:112–114
  48. Weikert S, Boeing H, Pischon T et al (2008) Blood pressure and risk of renal cell carcinoma in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition. Am J Epidemiol 167:438–446
  49. Yuan JM, Castelao JE, Gago-Dominguez M et al (1998) Hypertension, obesity and their medications in relation to renal cell carcinoma. Br J Cancer 77:1508–1513
  50. Fryzek JP, Poulsen AH, Johnsen SP et al (2005) A cohort study of antihypertensive treatments and risk of renal cell cancer. Br J Cancer 92:1302–1306
  51. Shapiro JA, Williams MA, Weiss NS et al (1999) Hypertension, antihypertensive medication use, and risk of renal cell carcinoma. Am J Epidemiol 149:521–530
  52. Schouten LJ, van Dijk BA, Oosterwijk E et al (2005) Hypertension, antihypertensives and mutations in the Von Hippel-Lindau gene in renal cell carcinoma: results from the Netherlands Cohort Study. J Hypertens 23:1997–2004
  53. Setiawan VW, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE (2009) Menstrual and reproductive factors and risk of renal cell cancer in the multiethnic cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:337–340
  54. Kaelin WG Jr (2003) The von Hippel-Lindau gene, kidney cancer, and oxygen sensing. J Am Soc Nephrol 14:2703–2711
  55. Koshiji M, Kageyama Y, Pete EA et al (2004) HIF-1alpha induces cell cycle arrest by functionally counteracting Myc. EMBO J 23:1949–1956
  56. Mazzali M, Jefferson JA, Ni Z et al (2003) Microvascular and tubulointerstitial injury associated with chronic hypoxia-induced hypertension. Kidney Int 63:2088–2093
  57. Clague J, Lin J, Cassidy A et al (2009) Family history and risk of renal cell carcinoma: results from a case-control study and systematic meta-analysis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:801–807
  58. Gudbjartsson T, Jonasdottir TJ, Thoroddsen A et al (2002) A population-based familial aggregation analysis indicates genetic contribution in a majority of renal cell carcinomas. Int J Cancer 100:476–479
  59. Choyke PL, Glenn GM, Walther MM et al (2003) Hereditary renal cancers. Radiology 226:33–46
  60. Duan DR, Pause A, Burgess WH et al (1995) Inhibition of transcription elongation by the VHL tumor suppressor protein. Science 269:1402–1406
  61. Kibel A, Iliopoulos O, DeCaprio JA et al (1995) Binding of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor protein to Elongin B and C. Science 269:1444–1446
  62. Pause A, Lee S, Worrell RA et al (1997) The von Hippel-Lindau tumor-suppressor gene product forms a stable complex with human CUL-2, a member of the Cdc53 family of proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:2156–2161
  63. Maranchie JK, Vasselli JR, Riss J et al (2002) The contribution of VHL substrate binding and HIF1alpha to the phenotype of VHL loss in renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Cell 1:247–255
  64. Thomas GV, Tran C, Mellinghoff IK et al (2006) Hypoxia-inducible factor determines sensitivity to inhibitors of mTOR in kidney cancer. Nat Med 12:122–127
  65. Lonser RR, Glenn GM, Walther M et al (2003) Von Hippel-Lindau disease. Lancet 361:2059–2067
  66. Zbar B, Tory K, Merino M et al (1994) Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma. J Urol 151:561–566
  67. Schmidt L, Junker K, Weirich G et al (1998) Two North American families with hereditary papillary renal carcinoma and identical novel mutations in the MET proto-oncogene. Cancer Res 58:1719–1722
  68. Nickerson ML, Warren MB, Toro JR et al (2002) Mutations in a novel gene lead to kidney tumors, lung wall defects, and benign tumors of the hair follicle in patients with the Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome. Cancer Cell 2:157–164
  69. Toro JR, Wei MH, Glenn GM et al (2008) BHD mutations, clinical and molecular genetic investigations of Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome: a new series of 50 families and a review of published reports. J Med Genet 45:321–331
  70. Zbar B, Alvord WG, Glenn G et al (2002) Risk of renal and colonic neoplasms and spontaneous pneumothorax in the Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11:393–400
  71. Pavlovich CP, Grubb RL 3rd, Hurley K et al (2005) Evaluation and management of renal tumors in the Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome. J Urol 173:1482–1486
  72. Launonen V, Vierimaa O, Kiuru M et al (2001) Inherited susceptibility to uterine leiomyomas and renal cell cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:3387–3392
  73. Toro JR, Nickerson ML, Wei MH et al (2003) Mutations in the fumarate hydratase gene cause hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer in families in North America. Am J Hum Genet 73:95–106
  74. Tomlinson IP, Alam NA, Rowan AJ et al (2002) Germline mutations in FH predispose to dominantly inherited uterine fibroids, skin leiomyomata and papillary renal cell cancer. Nat Genet 30:406–410
  75. Koolen MI, van der Meyden AP, Bodmer D et al (1998) A familial case of renal cell carcinoma and a t(2;3) chromosome translocation. Kidney Int 53:273–275
  76. Yates JR (2006) Tuberous sclerosis. Eur J Hum Genet 14:1065–1073
  77. Morrison PJ (2009) Tuberous sclerosis: epidemiology, genetics and progress towards treatment. Neuroepidemiology 33:342–343
  78. Cook JA, Oliver K, Mueller RF et al (1996) A cross sectional study of renal involvement in tuberous sclerosis. J Med Genet 33:480–484
  79. Vanharanta S, Buchta M, McWhinney SR et al (2004) Early-onset renal cell carcinoma as a novel extraparaganglial component of SDHB-associated heritable paraganglioma. Am J Hum Genet 74:153–159
  80. Favier J, Briere JJ, Strompf L et al (2005) Hereditary paraganglioma/pheochromocytoma and inherited succinate dehydrogenase deficiency. Horm Res 63:171–179
  81. Ricketts CJ, Forman JR, Rattenberry E et al (2010) Tumor risks and genotype-phenotype-proteotype analysis in 358 patients with germline mutations in SDHB and SDHD. Hum Mutat 31:41–51
  82. Ellis CL, Eble JN, Subhawong AP et al (2014) Clinical heterogeneity of Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma: impact of fusion subtype, age, and stage. Mod Pathol 27:875–886
  83. Malouf GG, Camparo P, Oudard S et al (2010) Targeted agents in metastatic Xp11 translocation/ TFE3 gene fusion renal cell carcinoma (RCC): a report from the Juvenile RCC Network. Ann Oncol 21:1834–1838
  84. Shuch B, Vourganti S, Ricketts CJ et al (2014) Defining early-onset kidney cancer: implications for germline and somatic mutation testing and clinical management. J Clin Oncol 32:431–437
  85. Keller G, Schally AV, Gaiser T et al (2005) Receptors for luteinizing hormone releasing hormone expressed on human renal cell carcinomas can be used for targeted chemotherapy with cytotoxic luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogues. Clin Cancer Res 11:5549–5557
  86. Langner C, Ratschek M, Rehak P et al (2004) Steroid hormone receptor expression in renal cell carcinoma: an immunohistochemical analysis of 182 tumors. J Urol 171:611–614
  87. Wolf DC, Goldsworthy TL, Donner EM et al (1998) Estrogen treatment enhances hereditary renal tumor development in Eker rats. Carcinogenesis 19:2043–2047
  88. Kabat GC, Silvera SA, Miller AB et al (2007) A cohort study of reproductive and hormonal factors and renal cell cancer risk in women. Br J Cancer 96:845–849
  89. Molokwu JC, Prizment AE, Folsom AR (2007) Reproductive characteristics and risk of kidney cancer: Iowa Women’s Health Study. Maturitas 58:156–163
  90. Lambe M, Lindblad P, Wuu J et al (2002) Pregnancy and risk of renal cell cancer: a population-based study in Sweden. Br J Cancer 86:1425–1429
  91. Lee JE, Hankinson SE, Cho E (2009) Reproductive factors and risk of renal cell cancer: the Nurses’ Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 169:1243–1250
  92. Lindblad P, Mellemgaard A, Schlehofer B et al (1995) International renal-cell cancer study. V. Reproductive factors, gynecologic operations and exogenous hormones. Int J Cancer 61:192–198
  93. Zucchetto A, Talamini R, Dal Maso L et al (2008) Reproductive, menstrual, and other hormone-related factors and risk of renal cell cancer. Int J Cancer 123:2213–2216
  94. Bruning T, Pesch B, Wiesenhutter B et al (2003) Renal cell cancer risk and occupational exposure to trichloroethylene: results of a consecutive casecontrol study in Arnsberg, Germany. Am J Ind Med 43:274–285
  95. Morgan RW, Kelsh MA, Zhao K et al (1998) Mortality of aerospace workers exposed to trichloroethylene. Epidemiology 9:424–431
  96. Chang YM, Tai CF, Yang SC et al (2003) A cohort mortality study of workers exposed to chlorinated organic solvents in Taiwan. Ann Epidemiol 13:652–660
  97. Hansen J, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Christensen JM et al (2001) Cancer incidence among Danish workers exposed to trichloroethylene. J Occup Environ Med 43:133–139
  98. Caldwell JC, Keshava N, Evans MV (2008) Difficulty of mode of action determination for trichloroethylene: an example of complex interactions of metabolites and other chemical exposures. Environ Mol Mutagen 49:142–154
  99. Cherrie JW, Kromhout H, Semple S (2001) The importance of reliable exposure estimates in deciding whether trichloroethylene can cause kidney cancer. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 127:400–404
  • Chiu WA, Caldwell JC, Keshava N et al (2006) Key scientific issues in the health risk assessment of trichloroethylene. Environ Health Perspect 114:1445–1449
  • McLaughlin JK, Blot WJ (1997) A critical review of epidemiology studies of trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene and risk of renal-cell cancer. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 70:222–231
  • Scott CS, Chiu WA (2006) Trichloroethylene cancer epidemiology: a consideration of select issues. Environ Health Perspect 114:1471–1478
  • Brauch H, Weirich G, Hornauer MA et al (1999) Trichloroethylene exposure and specific somatic mutations in patients with renal cell carcinoma. J Natl Cancer Inst 91:854–861
  • Bruning T, Lammert M, Kempkes M et al (1997) Influence of polymorphisms of GSTM1 and GSTT1 for risk of renal cell cancer in workers with longterm high occupational exposure to trichloroethene. Arch Toxicol 71:596–599
  • Buzio L, De Palma G, Mozzoni P et al (2003) Glutathione S-transferases M1-1 and T1-1 as risk modifiers for renal cell cancer associated with occupational exposure to chemicals. Occup Environ Med 60:789–793
  • Longuemaux S, Delomenie C, Gallou C et al (1999) Candidate genetic modifiers of individual susceptibility to renal cell carcinoma: a study of polymorphic human xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Cancer Res 59:2903–2908
  • Moore LE, Brennan P, Karami S et al (2007) Glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms, cruciferous vegetable intake and cancer risk in the central and eastern European Kidney Cancer Study. Carcinogenesis 28:1960–1964
  • Sweeney C, Farrow DC, Schwartz SM et al (2000) Glutathione S-transferase M1, T1, and P1 polymorphisms as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma: a case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 9:449–454
  • Karami S, Boffetta P, Rothman N et al (2008) Renal cell carcinoma, occupational pesticide exposure and modification by glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms. Carcinogenesis 29:1567–1571
  • Selikoff IJ, Hammond EC, Seidman H (1979) Mortality experience of insulation workers in the United States and Canada, 1943–1976. Ann N Y Acad Sci 330:91–116
  • Smits KM, Schouten LJ, van Dijk BA et al (2008) Polymorphisms in genes related to activation or detoxification of carcinogens might interact with smoking to increase renal cancer risk: results from The Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer. World J Urol 26:103–110
  • Wiesenhutter B, Selinski S, Golka K et al (2007) Re-assessment of the influence of polymorphisms of phase-II metabolic enzymes on renal cell cancer risk of trichloroethylene-exposed workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:247–251
  • Enterline PE, Hartley J, Henderson V (1987) Asbestos and cancer: a cohort followed up to death. Br J Ind Med 44:396–401
  • Goodman M, Morgan RW, Ray R et al (1999) Cancer in asbestos-exposed occupational cohorts: a metaanalysis. Cancer Causes Control 10:453–465
  • Sali D, Boffetta P (2000) Kidney cancer and occupational exposure to asbestos: a meta-analysis of occupational cohort studies. Cancer Causes Control 11:37–47
  • Buzio L, Tondel M, De Palma G et al (2002) Occupational risk factors for renal cell cancer. An Italian case-control study. Med Lav 93:303–309
  • Canu IG, Ellis ED, Tirmarche M (2008) Cancer risk in nuclear workers occupationally exposed to uraniumemphasis on internal exposure. Health Phys 94:1–17
  • Hu J, Mao Y, White K (2002) Renal cell carcinoma and occupational exposure to chemicals in Canada. Occup Med (Lond) 52:157–164
  • Il’yasova D, Schwartz GG (2005) Cadmium and renal cancer. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 207:179–186
  • Mattioli S, Truffelli D, Baldasseroni A et al (2002) Occupational risk factors for renal cell cancer: a case – control study in northern Italy. J Occup Environ Med 44:1028–1036
  • Moore LE, Wilson RT, Campleman SL (2005) Lifestyle factors, exposures, genetic susceptibility, and renal cell cancer risk: a review. Cancer Invest 23:240–255
  • Parent ME, Hua Y, Siemiatycki J (2000) Occupational risk factors for renal cell carcinoma in Montreal. Am J Ind Med 38:609–618
  • Pesch B, Haerting J, Ranft U et al (2000) Occupational risk factors for renal cell carcinoma: agent-specific results from a case-control study in Germany. MURC Study Group. Multicenter urothelial and renal cancer study. Int J Epidemiol 29:1014–1024
  • Richard S, Carrette MN, Beroud C et al (2004) High incidence of renal tumours in vitamins A and E synthesis workers: a new cause of occupational cancer? Int J Cancer 108:942–944
  • Zhang Y, Cantor KP, Lynch CF et al (2004) A population-based case-control study of occupation and renal cell carcinoma risk in Iowa. J Occup Environ Med 46:235–240
  • Baastrup R, Sorensen M, Balstrom T et al (2008) Arsenic in drinking-water and risk for cancer in Denmark. Environ Health Perspect 116:231–237
  • Guo HR, Chiang HS, Hu H et al (1997) Arsenic in drinking water and incidence of urinary cancers. Epidemiology 8:545–550
  • Kurttio P, Pukkala E, Kahelin H et al (1999) Arsenic concentrations in well water and risk of bladder and kidney cancer in Finland. Environ Health Perspect 107:705–710
  • Kurttio P, Salonen L, Ilus T et al (2006) Well water radioactivity and risk of cancers of the urinary organs. Environ Res 102:333–338
  • Ward MH, Rusiecki JA, Lynch CF et al (2007) Nitrate in public water supplies and the risk of renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Causes Control 18:1141–1151
  • George SM, Park Y, Leitzmann MF et al (2009) Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cancer: a prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 89:347–353
  • Lee JE, Mannisto S, Spiegelman D et al (2009) Intakes of fruit, vegetables, and carotenoids and renal cell cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1730–1739
  • Weikert S, Boeing H, Pischon T et al (2006) Fruits and vegetables and renal cell carcinoma: findings from the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC). Int J Cancer 118:3133–3139
  • Bertoia M, Albanes D, Mayne ST et al (2010) No association between fruit, vegetables, antioxidant nutrients and risk of renal cell carcinoma. Int J Cancer 126:1504–1512
  • Lee JE, Giovannucci E, Smith-Warner SA et al (2006) Intakes of fruits, vegetables, vitamins A, C, and E, and carotenoids and risk of renal cell cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2445–2452
  • van Dijk BA, Schouten LJ, Oosterwijk E et al (2008) Carotenoid and vitamin intake, von Hippel-Lindau gene mutations and sporadic renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Causes Control 19:125–134
  • Alexander DD, Cushing CA (2009) Quantitative assessment of red meat or processed meat consumption and kidney cancer. Cancer Detect Prev 32:340–351
  • Faramawi MF, Johnson E, Fry MW et al (2007) Consumption of different types of meat and the risk of renal cancer: meta-analysis of case-control studies. Cancer Causes Control 18:125–133
  • Lee JE, Spiegelman D, Hunter DJ et al (2008) Fat, protein, and meat consumption and renal cell cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 13 prospective studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1695–1706
  • Wolk A, Larsson SC, Johansson JE et al (2006) Long-term fatty fish consumption and renal cell carcinoma incidence in women. JAMA 296: 1371–1376
  • Tornqvist M (2005) Acrylamide in food: the discovery and its implications: a historical perspective. Adv Exp Med Biol 561:1–19
  • Mucci LA, Adami HO (2009) The plight of the potato: is dietary acrylamide a risk factor for human cancer? J Natl Cancer Inst 101:618–621
  • Mucci LA, Dickman PW, Steineck G et al (2003) Dietary acrylamide and cancer of the large bowel, kidney, and bladder: absence of an association in a population-based study in Sweden. Br J Cancer 88:84–89
  • Lee JE, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D et al (2007) Alcohol intake and renal cell cancer in a pooled analysis of 12 prospective studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 99:801–810
  • Rashidkhani B, Akesson A, Lindblad P et al (2005) Alcohol consumption and risk of renal cell carcinoma: a prospective study of Swedish women. Int J Cancer 117:848–853
  • Setiawan VW, Stram DO, Nomura AM et al (2007) Risk factors for renal cell cancer: the multiethnic cohort. Am J Epidemiol 166:932–940
  • Lee JE, Giovannucci E, Smith-Warner SA et al (2006) Total fluid intake and use of individual beverages and risk of renal cell cancer in two large cohorts. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:1204–1211
  • Davies MJ, Baer DJ, Judd JT et al (2002) Effects of moderate alcohol intake on fasting insulin and glucose concentrations and insulin sensitivity in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 287:2559–2562
  • Lazarus R, Sparrow D, Weiss ST (1997) Alcohol intake and insulin levels. The Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 145:909–916

[contact-form-7 id=»5168″ title=»Контактная форма 1″]

0

Добавить комментарий

Войти с помощью: 

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *