About 10–15% of lung cancer are this type. It can
start in any part of the lung. It tends to grow and spread quickly.
Non-small cell lung
cancer is a common disease. It is usually treated by surgery (taking out the
cancer in an operation) or radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays to kill
cancer cells). However, chemotherapy may be used in some patients.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and choice of
treatment depend on the stage of the cancer (whether it is just in the lung or
has spread to other places), tumor size, the type of lung cancer, whether there
are symptoms, and the patient’s general health. Patients unsuitable for surgery
may be offered curative intent radiotherapy. Adjuvant therapy may be given to
more advanced resected cases. For late stage cases, chemotherapy with or
without palliative radiotherapy are the conventional options, although the long
term survival rates are very low.