Oxford American handbook of oncology. Second Edition. Oxford University Press (2015)

  • Aflatoxin contamination in the developing world is associated with a very high rate of hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • High intake of vegetables and fruit shows a consistent, inverse relationship with many cancers, including those of larynx, lung, and GI tract.
  • High levels of vegetable consumption are associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer; alternatively, high levels of meat consumption appear to increase the risk.
  • Obesity in adult life increases the risk of endometrial cancer as well as postmenopausal breast cancer and cancer of the kidney.
  • Although difficult to prove, appropriate dietary modifications may significantly influence the incidence of certain cancers.
  • The incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer in developing countries could be reduced by as much as 33%–50% by reducing intake of salt fish.
  • Halving the median daily intake of aflatoxins produced by Aspergillus species may reduce the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa and Asia by up to 40%.

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